Ocular Rosacea: Symptoms, Treatments, Triggers, & Home Remedies

The condition of ocular rosacea can normally be controlled with medication prescribed by your doctor and a good eye care routine.

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ocular rosacea

Ocular rosacea is a condition of inflammation that causes the eyes to burn, be red and itch. This condition often develops in people who have rosacea, a condition that often affects the facial area. Typically adults between the ages of 30 and 50 are affected by this condition. People who blush easily tend to develop it much easier. 

The use of medication and a healthy eye care routine will help to control the symptoms of ocular rosacea. However, treatment will not cure the condition, it will simply help to relieve the symptoms.

Ocular Rosacea’s main symptoms are:

Quite frequently, the symptoms of ocular rosacea present themselves before those of rosacea. In some cases, they do develop at the same time. Symptoms of ocular rosacea include:
  • Burning eyes
  • Dry eyes
  • Stinging in the eyes
  • Blurred vision
  • Light sensitivity
  • Redness
  • Swollen eyelids
  • Feeling of grittiness in the eyes
  • Tearing up

Just like with rosacea that affects the skin, the cause of ocular rosacea is not exactly known. It can be due to one or more of the following factors:

  • Hereditary
  • Factors of the environment
  • Bacteria
  • Mites of the lashes
  • Blocked glands in the eyelids

Factors that trigger ocular rosacea

There are many factors that can trigger symptoms of ocular rosacea, such as:
  • Spicy foods
  • Hot beverages
  • Alcohol
  • Sunlight
  • Hot baths
  • Saunas
  • Medications

Risks

People that have skin rosacea, often have ocular rosacea as well. However, you can have the eye type without having the skin type. Rosacea of the skin typically impacts more women than it does men. Ocular rosacea affects men and women equally.

Complications

Having ocular rosacea can certainly present many complications for a person. The cornea (surface of your eye) can be affected, especially if you have dry eyes. Complications with your cornea can lead to other visual symptoms such as inflammation of your eyelids which can cause your eyelashes to be misdirected, resulting in other irritations of the cornea. In reality, complications with your cornea can lead to the loss of your vision.

Diagnosing

There is not any one specific test that will tell you if you have ocular rosacea. Basically, if you present symptoms you should see your doctor. They will then diagnose you based on those symptoms if that is what they believe the issue is. Factors such as your medical history and the results of your eye exam will be taken into consideration before making a final diagnosis. 

Treatments Available

Generally speaking, the condition of ocular rosacea can normally be controlled with medication prescribed by your doctor and a good eye care routine. Unfortunately, there is a not a cure for the condition. The treatment aspect will alleviate symptoms and reduce the flare-ups. It is very possible that your doctor will prescribe a round of antibiotics such as doxycycline, minocycline, tetracycline or erythromycin to help with your ocular rosacea. If you are experiencing a more severe case, then you will need to take antibiotics for a longer period of time.

Home Remedies For Ocular Rosacea

Your ocular rosacea can be managed at home if you have a great eye care routine that you are consistent with. Even if your flare-ups minimize, it is important to keep your regular eye care routine in order to help prevent future symptoms from appearing.
  • Wash your eyelids at least twice a day with warm water, or a product recommended by your doctor. It is important to keep them clean.
  • If your eyes are swollen or you are having a flare-up, avoid wearing makeup. With the makeup that you routinely wear, make sure it is noncomedogenic or nonoily.
  • Do not wear contact lenses during your flare-ups. Doing so will only further irritate your condition.
  • Avoid the things that trigger your flare-ups such as spicy foods and alcohol. Anything that causes the blood vessels in your face to dilate will lead to a flare-up.
  • If you are experiencing dryness, use artificial tears to help alleviate.

Final Thoughts

Needless to say, the symptoms associated with ocular rosacea are far from pleasant. Take heed and do everything that you can to prevent your flare-ups. Once they happen, it can take a bit of time to get them under control again. Making an appointment with a medical professional as soon as symptoms are present is very important.

Your vision is important. If you experience any of the symptoms of ocular rosacea, it is important to get into your doctor to be seen. Typically, you will see your family doctor first for the basic assessment. From there, you will get a referral to see a doctor who specializes in eye diseases (ophthalmologist). Make sure that you discuss everything with your doctor and make them aware of all of the symptoms that you are experiencing. While there is not a cure for the condition, catching it quickly can help you to address the symptoms before they become too severe.

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